How to Get Started with Gardening
Gardening is hardly an exact science. Even seasoned gardeners make errors, so if you’re a neophyte, you need not be afraid. The following are tips that will make a good starting point:
This is very simple but useful advice for any beginner: observe the space you plan to use – very closely. Is it big, small or somewhere in the middle? How windy is it on a typical day, and which way does the wind blow? Does it get a lot of sun or shade? Which spots are the sunniest and for about how long? Which specific areas are the shadiest and for how long? How do you plan to water the garden? Can you use rainwater? What is the soil’s pH level, or the pH levels of each nutrient in it? How can you use the space in the most beneficial way? What is a typical temperature range in your area?
Write down these questions and answer them with the best of your ability. As soon as you’ve figured out these crucial details, your chances of success as a gardener will automatically increase.
Invest in your soil.
Invest in an organic, nutrient-packed and healthy soil, and you will reap a productive vegetable garden. The best way for plants to absorb nutrients and water is through raised bed gardening technique, where absorption happens from the depths of soil. This shape even allows you to maximize space and increase yields by up to four times.
Plan and design your garden with care.
Analyze your plants’ needs and try to plant them in the most efficient way. For example, some plants writhe on the ground or climb on support, so installing nets, a trellis or grilles will make a huge difference.
Start with local plants.
Growing local plants is much easier, so you should start with them. Unlike exotic vegetables, which are very high maintenance, local vegetables are undemanding and will grow in nearly every soil type there is.
Learn correct watering techniques.
When you water the right way, you increase your plant yield as well as keep pests and diseases at bay. The most effective way of irrigating garden plants is by using drip lines and soaker hoses, which take the water right where it should be, and gives the roots enough time to absorb water.
Be careful with pesticides.
Don’t use chemical pesticides because they can be very toxic even to beneficial insects and pollinators. Experiment with natural substances instead and try to see what’s most effective. Examples of ingredients of natural pesticides are garlic, onion, neem and horticulture oils.
Most newbies think that the more fertilizers they apply, the better. This is absolutely wrong. With overfertilization, a plant’s roots can actually die. Have your soil tested to know which nutrients you should add and how much.