Periodontal Disease: Causes and Treatment Options

Periodontal disease is considered a severe gum infection that affects the tissue and surrounding gums of the teeth. Periodontal disease affects over three million Americans each year. The disease itself is considered common, and it is easily preventable by a simple oral hygiene regimen. Once advanced, periodontal disease can cause irreversible damage to the jaw bone.

So, What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease begins with a bacterial infection inside of the mouth. When this bacterial infection is left untreated, significant damage occurs to the teeth and gums. This damage results in tooth loss, bone damage and destruction to the tissue within the mouth.

Gingivitis is considered a precursor to periodontal disease. Gingivitis is also known as gum inflammation. It is important to note that not all instances of gingivitis will result in periodontal disease. Early stage gingivitis occurs when plaque begins to build upon the teeth. This plaque begins to cause inflammation. However, at this point, the teeth are still planted, tightly and firmly inside the sockets of the gums.

Once left untreated, gingivitis can result in periodontal disease. When periodontal disease is the end result, the bone and inside layer of the gums begin to pull away from the teeth. When this happens, pockets begin to form. Once formed, debris and bacteria collect within the pockets. The body’s natural defense, the immune system, begins to fight off infection. However, the infection continues to grow underneath the surface of the gum. All of the enzymes involved in the “fight” begin to break down the connective tissue that is responsible for keeping your teeth in place, alongside break down bone as well. Besides plaque build-up, there are additional conditions that can cause gum disease. These include: hormonal fluctuations, illnesses, medication, smoking. You can find additional information on the causes of periodontal disease from WebMD.

What are my Treatment Options?

There are many treatment options available depending on how advanced your periodontal disease is. You can find treatment options available near you by utilizing your search engine. Simply type in what you are looking for, followed by the location that you desire. For example, you can search for: “periodontal disease treatment naples fl.”

You can also obtain information by following this link to a full guide on periodontal disease.

Some of the most common treatment options for those who suffer from periodontal disease include both non-surgical and surgical procedures. The most frequently used non-surgical treatments are scaling, root planning, or the use of antibiotics. Scaling is a non-surgical procedure used to remove black and tartar buildup from the teeth and gums. Root planning is a non-surgical procedure that smooths out the root surfaces of the teeth. This smoothing process inhibits further buildup and prevents bacteria from causing inflammation and further damage. Antibiotics are during a current infection that needs to be destroyed before any other treatment can take place. Many times, if periodontal disease is new or just beginning, an oral mouth rinse may be sufficient in preventing further damage.

For those who may need surgical intervention, it is best to consult with a dentist in determining which treatment options are best for you.