Different Types of Decorative Concrete
Today, it is possible to alter plain, grey concrete and make it aesthetically pleasing through decorative concrete methods. There are many ways that one can make decorative concrete. One of the ways to make decorative concrete is to use coloring techniques like acid stains, concrete dyes, acrylic stains, and integrated colors or colors mixed into concrete before it is poured. Concrete scoring, stamping, chiseling, and polishing are special treatment applied to concrete to change its surface texture. Integrating multiple techniques to your decorative concrete will give you a concrete slab that is fully customized.
Staining is a popular technique that can be done to make your plain concrete a decorative one for interior applications. This just involves a method of simply staining a cured concrete slab with a different color. Acid stain is the most common stain for concrete which can give it a rich color. Acid reacts to concrete and produced something like a marbleized coloring like grainy leather. If the concrete has defects, the acid stains cannot cover it but rather emphasize it. Water-based and acrylic concrete stains create a much uniform look than acid stains. The thin, milky consistency of water-based or acrylic concrete stains allow it to seep into the concrete pores. Since these stains seep into the concrete, they will not flake off like paint does since paint is just on the surface These stains work like dye which does not react with concrete.
You can also achieve decorative concrete by stamping it. Here, using freshly laid concrete, a pattern or texture is stamped in. New concrete poured is required in this method. You can also put an overlay mix applied to 3/8 inches thick. Overlaying hides any stains and minor defects in the concrete. Successful concrete stamping is done when the concrete is dry enough but not mushy and wet enough to hold an impression. You need good timing to have a successful concrete stamping process. Coloring stamped concrete can be done in different ways including integral colors, antiquing release colors, color hardeners, and tinted sealers.
Scored concrete gives new pours and existing pours a new look. Cutting a shallow cut into the concrete is the way concrete is scored. The purpose of these cuts is to give an illusion of tile or stone or to draw a custom pattern or logo into the concrete. Unless you cover the cuts, they are as permanent as the concrete slab. Scoring is combined with colored or stained concrete to accentuate the surface pattern.
You can also polish concrete to achieve a shiny finish. These types of polished concrete floors do not need wax or sealers. Polished concrete can be stained for extra color.